Greek Pluperfect Indicative Active

This post will cover the pluperfect indicative active. There is no pluperfect infinιtive, subjunctive or optative. The pluperfect tense has completed aspect and past time, equivalent to the English, ”I had done.”

The pluperfect indicative active is based on the perfect active tense stem. To form the pluperfect, take the perfect active tense stem and prefix it with the past indicative augment. To this stem add the appropriate ending for the person and number (assuming tense, mood and voice for this post are fixed, of course).

Indicative Translation
1st Person Singular (1ps) I had done
2nd Person Singular (2ps) -ης you (s.) had done
3rd Person Singular (3ps) -ει[ν] he/she/it had done
1st Person Plural (1pp) -εμεν we had done
2nd Person Plural (2pp) -ετε you (p.) had done
3rd Person Plural (3pp) -εσαν they had done

About George

I'm interested in theology, languages, translation and various sorts of fermentation.
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