Hindi adjectives come in two varieties. The first are variable adjectives, which have a variable ending to make agreement with associated nouns in number, gender and case. The second variety are invariable adjectives, and these, as expected, remain the same regardless of number, gender or case.
Variable adjectives have a masculine nominative ending in आ -ā. Not all adjectives with this ending are variable, however. In the following chart, masculine forms are under the heading (m), with the feminine forms under the heading (f).
|singular||आ -ā||ए -e 1|
|plural||ए -e||ए -e|
|singular||ई -ī 2||ई -ī 2|
|plural||ई -ī 2||ई -ī 2|
Any adjective with masculine singular that does not end in आ -ā is invariable, plus a couple of oddballs that do end so. So, there is no need for a chart here.
- The masculine singular of variable adjectives is the only adjectival form that changes in the oblique. Otherwise, the oblique is exactly like the nominative.
- Note that in the nominative and oblique, the feminine does not change singular to plural.