Hebrews 1:1-4

1 πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυτρόπως πάλαι ὁ θεὸς λαλήσας τοῖς πατράσιν ἐν τοῖς προφήταις 2 ἐπ’ ἐσχάτου τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων ἐλάλησεν ἡμῖν ἐν υἱῷ, ὃν ἔθηκεν κληρονόμον πάντων, δι’ οὗ καὶ ἐποίησεν τοὐς αἰῶνας· 3 ὃς ῶν ἀπαύγασμα τῆς δόξης καὶ χαρακτὴρ τῆς ὑποστάσεως αὐτοῦ, φέρων τε τἀ πάντα τῷ ῥήματι τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ, καθαρισμὸν τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ποιησάμενος ἐκάθισεν ἐν δεξιᾷ μεγαλωσύνης ἐν ὑψηλοῖς, 4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ’αὐτοὺς κεκληρονόμηκεν ὄνομα.

1 God, who at various times and in various ways in the past spoke to our fathers through the prophets, 2 in these last days spoke to us through a son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom he even made the ages; 3 who being the radiance of the glory and the representation of his substance, bearing quite all things by the word of his power, having made a cleansing for sins, sat on the right hand of majesty in high places, 4 having become so much better than the angels, even as he has inherited a more excellent name than them.

Comments

Participle phrases and relative clauses abound in this passage. Without these descriptive expressions, we have, “God in these last days spoke to us by a son.” That is not to say that the relative clauses and participles are not important, don’t get me wrong. These play a major role in bringing out the thrust of the writer, to highlight God’s continued work and the Son’s clear superiority over creation and the angels.

So a run-down of relative and participle phrases concerning God:

  • spoke to our fathers by the prophets

And concerning the Son:

  • the one appointed heir of all things
  • involved in the making of “the ages” – universe or time itself?
  • the radiance of God’s glory
  • the representation of God’s substance
  • the one who sustains all things
  • the one who made cleansing for sins
  • the one having become better than the angels

Overall, what we have is a powerful description of the authority and place of the Son and the hope we have though him.

Grace and peace this week!

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About George

I'm interested in theology, languages, translation and various sorts of fermentation.
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