The word of the day is…
οὗτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο
Greek, houtos, hautē, touto, 1. this, that 2. these, those.
As to usage:
- οὗτος is a demonstrative that provides a middle-of-the road between the nearness or vividness of ὅδε and the remoteness (physical or otherwise) of ἐκεῖνος. It is often used to point out something or recall something to attention, without emphasizing proximity.
- It can be used as an antecedent for a relative pronoun.”the one who finishes, that one will be praised.”
- It can be used to identify someone with fame or notoriety, “that politician”.
- It can be used along with ὅδε to identify what has preceded, in comparison to what follows. The item modified by οὗτος is the more remote (preceding).
- It can be used along with ἐκεῖνος to identify the second in a series, the latter against the former. The item modified by οὗτος is the second or “latter” of a pair.