45 Days of French – Day 12

Lesson 8 of Essential French (EF) is short and to the point. The conversation is wonderful, illustrating back-and-forth between a hotel receptionist and a customer. The bulk of the “grammar” portion is a look at possessive adjectives, with some verbs thrown in for good  measure. Add low-count ordinals, and a couple exercices

Les Adjectifs Possessifs – Possessive Adjectives
The forms of the possessive adjective vary by not only the gender and number of the associated noun, but the possessor as well (number only, not gender).

The forms are:

Possessor Singular Noun Plural Noun
Masculine Feminine
je mon ma mes
tu ton ta tes
il/elle/on son sa ses
nous notre nos
vous votre vos
ils/elles leur leurs

Because this can be a little tricky to get a handle on, here are examples of each of these forms in use:

  • mon ami my friend (msc.)
  • ma valise my suitcase
  • mon amie my friend (fem.) see comments
  • ton ami your (sg.) friend (msc.)
  • ta valise your (sg.) suitcase
  • ton amie your (sg.) friend (fem.) see comments
  • son ami his/her/its friend (msc.)
  • sa valise his/her/its suitcase
  • son amie his/her/its friend (fem.) see comments
  • notre ami[e] our friend (msc. or fem.)
  • votre ami[e] your (pl.) friend (msc. or fem.)
  • leur ami[e] his/her/its friend (msc. or fem.)
  • mes ami[e]s my friends (msc. or fem.)
  • tes ami[e]s your (sg.) friends (msc. or fem.)
  • ses ami[e]s his/her/its friends (msc. or fem.)
  • nos ami[e]s our friends (msc. or fem.)
  • vos ami[e]s your (pl.) friends (msc. or fem.)
  • leurs ami[e]s their friends (msc. or fem.)

Verbs
Only one verb that has not been seen to this point was discussed, and that was remplir “to fill (out)”. It has present tense forms remplis, remplis, remplit, remplissons, remplissez, and remplissent – in other words, it is a regular -ir verb.

However, in the note to the verb vouloir, a language feature I felt worth addressing was mentioned. With the absolute of a verb governing an infinitive, the phrase structure is:

  • ne + verb + pas + infinitive

In other words, ne…pas should only surround the verb, not the infinitive.

Ordinals
The discussion of ordinals is nothing much new. The book shows ordinals for numbers one through ten, which had already been described in previous lessons (though not shown). The only thing that hadn’t already been shared by EF was the fact that 2 (deux) has a second ordinal (beyond deuxième), namely second (msc.)/seconde (fem.).

As noted above, a short lesson. À bientôt!

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About George

I'm interested in theology, languages, translation and various sorts of fermentation.
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3 Responses to 45 Days of French – Day 12

  1. George says:

    Note the feminine singular forms, mon amie, ton amie and son amie. While these seem to violate gender agreement (masculine possessive with feminine noun), it appears that French regularly uses the masculine form to create a nicer sounding phrase before a vowel, much like English a/an. I originally posted these in error, but some extra reading in an older French textbook (Le Français: Écouter et Parler) helped me realize that something was wrong.

    This may end up being discussed later by EF, but my forced example did not know that!

  2. Pingback: 45 Days of French | σφόδρα – exceedingly

  3. Pingback: 45 Days of French – Day 24 | σφόδρα – exceedingly

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