Lesson 8 of Essential French (EF) is short and to the point. The conversation is wonderful, illustrating back-and-forth between a hotel receptionist and a customer. The bulk of the “grammar” portion is a look at possessive adjectives, with some verbs thrown in for good measure. Add low-count ordinals, and a couple exercices…
Les Adjectifs Possessifs – Possessive Adjectives
The forms of the possessive adjective vary by not only the gender and number of the associated noun, but the possessor as well (number only, not gender).
The forms are:
|Possessor||Singular Noun||Plural Noun
Because this can be a little tricky to get a handle on, here are examples of each of these forms in use:
Only one verb that has not been seen to this point was discussed, and that was remplir “to fill (out)”. It has present tense forms remplis, remplis, remplit, remplissons, remplissez, and remplissent – in other words, it is a regular -ir verb.
However, in the note to the verb vouloir, a language feature I felt worth addressing was mentioned. With the absolute of a verb governing an infinitive, the phrase structure is:
- ne + verb + pas + infinitive
In other words, ne…pas should only surround the verb, not the infinitive.
The discussion of ordinals is nothing much new. The book shows ordinals for numbers one through ten, which had already been described in previous lessons (though not shown). The only thing that hadn’t already been shared by EF was the fact that 2 (deux) has a second ordinal (beyond deuxième), namely second (msc.)/seconde (fem.).
As noted above, a short lesson. À bientôt!