Tag Archives: breathing

The Greek Relative Pronoun

This post describes the Greek relative pronoun (“who, to whom, for whom, whose…”). Masculine Feminine Neuter Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Nominative (nom.) ὅς οἵ ἥ αἵ ὅ ἅ Genitive (gen.) οὗ ὧν ἧς ὧν οὗ ὧν Dative (dat.) … Continue reading

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Greek Vowels and Diphthongs

Classical Greek makes use of 7 vowels to represent 10 distinct sounds. For a review of the characters and transliterations, check out the Greek alphabet here. These vowels can be divided into the classifications “long” and “short”: short:  α   ε   ι   υ   ο  long:  ᾱ   η   ῑ   ῡ  … Continue reading

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Greek Consonants – Classification

Most greek consonants can be divided into three classes, labial, dental and palatal. Each of these classes has plain, voiced, aspirated or fricative and a double consonant (doubled with σ) sounds. The following chart should illustrate the relationships between consonants: … Continue reading

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Rough and Smooth Breathing

Continuing with the sound system of classical Greek, we find an aspirated sound, read “h-“, made by an extra puff of air. Rather than indicating with another character, Greek employs a breathing mark (ʽ), called a rough breathing. It is … Continue reading

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